Concordia Theological Quarterly


Concordia Theological Quarterly, a continuation of The Springfielder, is a theological journal of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, published for its ministerium by the faculty of Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, Indiana.


David P. Scaer

Associate Editor

Charles A. Gieschen

Book Review Editor

Peter J. Scaer

Members of the Editorial Committee

James G. Bushur, Paul J. Grime, John G. Nordling, and Lawrence R. Rast. Jr.

Editorial Assistant

Joshua J. Woelmer

The Faculty

James G. Bushur John G. Nordling Peter J. Scaer
Carl C. Fickenscher II John T. Pless Klaus Detlev Schulz
Charles A. Gieschen Jeffery H. Pulse William C. Weinrich
Paul J. Grime Timothy C. J. Quill Dean O. Wenthe
Gifford A. Grobien Lawrence R. Rast Jr. Roland F. Ziegler
Arthur A. Just Jr. Timothy C. J. Quill  
Cameron A. MacKenzie John D. Reynolds  
Walter A. Maier III Robert V. Roethemeyer  
Naomichi Masaki David P. Scaer  


Concordia Theological Quarterly (CTQ) is indexed in Religion Index One: Periodicals and abstracted in Old Testament Abstracts and New Testament Abstracts. CTQ is also indexed in the ATLA Religion Database® and included in the full-text ATLASerials® (ATLAS®) collection. Both are products of the American Theological Library Association, 300 S. Wacker Dr., Suite 2100, Chicago, IL 60606, E-mail:, WWW: It is also indexed in the International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences (

Manuscripts submitted for publication should conform to the Chicago Manual of Style and are subject to peer review and editorial modification. Please visit our website at for more information. Previous Articles, Theological Observers, and Book Reviews can be accessed electronically at

CTQ is published in January, April, July, and October. The annual subscription rate is $25.00 within the United States, $30.00 (U.S.) in Canada, and $40.00 (U.S.) elsewhere. All changes of address, subscription payments, and other correspondence should be e-mailed to or sent to Concordia Theological Quarterly, 6600 North Clinton Street, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46825. CTQ is printed and shipped by Mignone Communications, Inc., Huntington, Indiana.

©201 Concordia Theological Seminary • US ISSN 0038-8610